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SHA256 vs Scrypt ASIC: Crypto Mining Hardware Comparison

SHA256 vs Scrypt ASIC: Crypto Mining Hardware Comparison

In cryptocurrency mining, the selection of mining {hardware} performs a pivotal function in figuring out profitability and effectivity. Because the blockchain trade continues to evolve, two distinguished hashing algorithms have emerged as dominant forces: SHA-256 and Scrypt.

These algorithms kind the muse of mining operations for numerous cryptocurrencies, every with its personal distinctive traits and concerns.

On this article, we are going to get into crypto mining {hardware}, specializing in evaluating SHA-256 and Scrypt ASICs. We intention to provide readers a deeper understanding of those two algorithm programs, shedding mild on their variations, advantages, and potential challenges.

So, let’s dive deep into the world of SHA-256 and Scrypt ASICs and uncover the important components to contemplate when selecting your crypto-mining {hardware}.

Introduction in Scrypt vs SHA-256: The Fundamentals

SHA-256 and Scrypt ASIC are essentially the most used algorithm programs in cryptocurrency mining for authenticating blocks of transaction information that the builders of a given kind of foreign money set.

Intuitively, SHA-256 ASICs are designed for the SHA-256 algorithm, which Bitcoin makes use of. They carry out computations shortly and effectively, guaranteeing safe and quick block verification.

Scrypt ASICs, alternatively, are designed for the Scrypt algorithm used, for instance, by Litecoin. Scrypt is a memory-intensive algorithm, and these ASICs are optimized to deal with particular necessities.

Each varieties of ASICs assist miners confirm and safe transactions on the blockchain community, rising the probabilities of incomes rewards for his or her mining efforts.

How Do Scrypt vs SHA-256 Algorithms Work?

To know which ASICs are higher, you need to first perceive the 2 totally different hashing fashions, in our case, Scrypt and SHA-256. So, in case you’re new to crypto, think about you may have a magical machine that may rework any phrase or sentence into a novel lock. This machine has two totally different modes: the SHA-256 mode and the Scrypt mode.

In SHA-256 mode, the machine processes your phrase or sentence by way of a collection of advanced mathematical operations. It mixes up the characters, rearranges them, and performs calculations based mostly on their values. The result’s a novel lock that’s extraordinarily troublesome to reverse-engineer. This lock represents the unique phrase or sentence, however no one can have a look at the lock and work out what it was with out going by way of the identical calculations.

In Scrypt mode, the machine has a unique strategy. It requires the phrase or sentence and a major quantity of reminiscence to create the lock. It takes your enter and shops it in a particular reminiscence financial institution, the place it shuffles the characters round, mixes them up, and performs extra calculations. This memory-intensive course of creates a novel lock that can be troublesome to crack however requires extra sources to create and confirm than the SHA-256 mode.

In each instances, the ensuing locks are used to authenticate blocks of transaction information in cryptocurrencies. Miners use machines to carry out these calculations shortly and effectively. As soon as a block is authenticated, it turns into a part of the safe chain of transactions, and the miner is rewarded for his or her efforts.


Between Scrypt vs SHA256 or vice versa, SHA-256 has the next complexity of the 2, utilized in Bitcoin and most currencies forked from its code. Processing block information is extra time-consuming, leading to transaction turnaround instances being measured in minutes as a substitute of seconds—nevertheless it’s mentioned that it’s additionally extra complete and fewer inclined to errors.

Proponents additionally declare it has higher information safety. Coin mining with SHA-256 can go to this point to require even hash charges on the lots of of TH/s vary or increased, that means that particular person miners encounter difficulties producing a block. Those that do usually use {hardware} for the sort of mining arrange the gadget to carry out solely mining operations.


Scrypt is a sooner and less complicated algorithm, and it has develop into a favourite amongst new digital currencies which can be launched into house. Scrypt may be simply run on a CPU, and it’s much less energy-consuming than SHA-256, making it a favourite of most particular person miners.

Scrypt’s hashrates for producing new cash are often located within the kilohashes per second (KH/s) or megahashes per second (MH/s) ranges, which may be accomplished utilizing common computer systems as a substitute of ASICs or different specialised {hardware}.

Some dispute this extra easy system may be affected extra shortly by safety points since quick transaction turnaround instances contain a much less detailed investigation of the information on the system’s half. However to this point, there have been no instances of real-world points.

It’s anticipated that sooner or later, hash difficulties for the extra common currencies that use the SHA-256 mining algorithm—reminiscent of Bitcoin—will enhance, which can result in the limitation of crypto mining to mining swimming pools or industrial miners. Due to this, it’s anticipated that Scrypt-based cryptocurrencies will expertise a rise in reputation based mostly on their ease of mining.

Mining with a Scrypt vs SHA-256 ASIC: Comparability

Bitcoin makes use of the SHA-256 algorithm to generate hashes representing the information saved in blocks on the blockchain. As talked about above, SHA-256 is extra advanced to run, that means it’s extremely correct and safe but additionally gradual. Because of this ten minutes are required to generate just one block on the Bitcoin blockchain.

Mining utilizing SHA-256 calls for a excessive hashrate use, and due to it, miners should make use of devoted {hardware} slightly than a GPU, because it produces increased hashrates.

By 2011, miners had transitioned to customizable {hardware}, generally known as Area Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), to direct extra computing energy into mining. After the primary ASIC was launched in 2013, mining turned an operation on the industrial degree, and by 2014, ASICs began dominating the Bitcoin mining market.

The Scrypt algorithm was first launched by Litecoin’s builders in 2011. At that second, the algorithm was thought-about to be proof against the newer mining {hardware} that was getting used for Bitcoin mining.

As Scrypt is a much less advanced algorithm and requires a decrease hashrate, Litecoin’s block era time is barely two and a half minutes.

Nonetheless, Scrypt requires extra reminiscence sources than SHA-256. The {hardware} accessible on the time of Litecoin’s launch couldn’t mine Scrypt. Whilst ASICs emerged in 2013, they have been made for SHA-256 deployment. Due to this, GPUs have been used completely to mine Litecoin for a short time frame.

However this period was short-lived, as, in 2014, ZeusMiner launched its first Scrypt ASIC. At the moment, each SHA256 and Scrypt ASIC {hardware} markets are served by many manufacturers, however some of the common in each is the Bitmain mining big.

Scrypt vs SHA-256: Cash Algorithm

Cash that Use the Scrypt Algorithm

Some examples of cash that make use of the Scrypt algorithm are:

  • Litecoin;
  • Dogecoin;
  • Monacoin;
  • Syscoin;
  • Viacoin.

On the time of writing, greater than 154 cash use the Scrypt algorithm.

Cash that Use the SHA-256 Algorithm

Some examples of cash that use the SHA-256 algorithm are:

  • Bitcoin;
  • Bitcoin Money;
  • Bitcoin SV;
  • Namecoin;
  • Litecoin Money;
  • Unobtanium.

On the time of writing, greater than 46 cash use the SHA-256 algorithm.

Scrypt vs SHA-256: Greatest ASICs for Every Algorithm

Now that you’ve a bit of fundamental data, based mostly on our analysis, we are going to current an ASIC mannequin for every algorithm (the very best ASICs for every).

The Greatest ASICs for Scrypt Cash: Antminer L7 (9.5Gh/s)

Based mostly on our analysis, the very best ASIC for Scrypt cash is the Bitmain Antminer L7 (9.5Gh/s). It consumes a most of 3425W, and this miner boasts spectacular efficiency. Since its launch in November 2021, it has garnered important consideration out there.

The Antminer L7’s excessive energy consumption of 3425W interprets into elevated productiveness, permitting for sooner mining of supported cash in comparison with different Scrypt algorithm miners. With a commendable effectivity score of 0.361j/Mh, the miner incorporates 4 followers for environment friendly cooling throughout extended mining classes, mitigating overheating considerations.

That includes a most hashrate of 9.5 Gh/s or 9500Mh, the Bitmain Antminer L7 is a formidable mining machine. Leveraging Bitmain’s fame for manufacturing strong {hardware}, the L7 delivers a excessive hashrate that ensures fruitful mining classes.

Execs of the Bitmain Antminer L7 (9.5Gh/s)

  • Excessive hashrate;
  • Energy effectivity;
  • Established model;
  • Dependable cooling system;
  • Compatibility with numerous crypto cash;
  • Scalability.

Cons of the Bitmain Antminer L7 (9.5Gh/s)

  • Excessive preliminary funding price;
  • Restricted availability;
  • Noise degree;
  • Common upkeep necessities;
  • Energy consumption.

The Greatest ASICs for SHA-256 Cash: Antminer S19 XP (140Th)

Based mostly on our analysis, the Antminer S19 XP stands out because the best choice amongst ASIC miners specifically created for the SHA-256 algorithm. This high-performance mining machine has been meticulously designed to raise your crypto-mining endeavors.

Setting itself aside from different Bitmain miners, the Antminer S19 XP boasts a smooth, refined design that optimizes cooling effectivity. This mannequin ensures enhanced cooling by strategically positioning all followers alongside one another, resulting in improved total efficiency.

This mannequin is famend for its strong safety measures and accelerated block puzzle-solving capabilities, and this algorithm presents superior resistance towards pre-image and second pre-image assaults, in addition to collision resistance. It has earned a well-deserved fame and widespread belief throughout the trade.

With a most hashrate of 140 Th/s, the Antminer S19 XP allows swift and environment friendly block puzzle fixing, even amid escalating mining difficulties. This distinctive hashrate and the miner’s strong energy capability guarantee optimum efficiency and maximize mining profitability.

Execs of the Antminer S19 XP (140Th)

  • Excessive hashrate, enabling environment friendly mining operations;
  • Established and dependable model;
  • Sturdiness for long-lasting efficiency;
  • Compatibility with a variety of crypto cash;
  • Efficient cooling system to stop overheating.

Cons of the Antminer S19 XP (140Th)

  • A excessive preliminary funding is required;
  • Noise degree;
  • Energy consumption;
  • Availability and scalability.

For a extra complete listing of the very best ASICs for mining, you’ll be able to take a look at our specifically tailor-made article on this topic.


What’s Scrypt?

Scrypt is a cryptographic algorithm created by Colin Percival. It’s particularly designed to prioritize reminiscence utilization over computational energy. This makes it troublesome for attackers to launch precomputation assaults and reduces the benefit of utilizing specialised {hardware} like ASICs.

What’s SHA-256?

SHA-256 is a extensively used cryptographic hash perform that’s designed to prioritize computational energy over reminiscence utilization, generally employed in functions like Bitcoin mining. It performs an important function within the Proof-of-Work consensus mechanism utilized by Bitcoin. One in every of its key benefits is its excessive degree of safety in comparison with different hash capabilities. It’s significantly proof against collision assaults and preimage assaults, which reinforces the general safety of programs using SHA-256.


So, embarking on a mining enterprise calls for diligent analysis, particularly in relation to buying {hardware} like SHA-256 or Scrypt ASICs. Given the present state of the market, the chance of producing important income by way of mining is comparatively low, and it might take appreciable time earlier than you start to see a return in your funding.

Nonetheless, we belief that our article evaluating SHA256 and Scrypt ASICs has offered helpful insights into the distinctions between these two algorithm programs.

Armed with this information, you can also make extra knowledgeable choices and navigate the mining panorama extra confidently. Staying knowledgeable and aware of the evolving market situations shall be key to optimizing your mining endeavors.

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